Criminalitatea in randul copiilor abandonati

Cuprins licenta Cum descarc?

?ntr?du??r?.4
?. ??n??d?r?t?? ?r?l?m?n?r?.7
1.1 D?t?rm?nar? t?rm?n?l?g???.9
1.2 L?g??l?t?? ?r?v?nd v??t?m?l? ?nfr??t?un??.21 
?. ?n?l?z? fenomenulu? m?rg?n?l?zar?? ?o???lor ?traz??.24
2.1 D?te ?t?t??t??e.24
2.2 F??tor? ??re gener?l?ze?za v??t?m?z?re? ?o???lor ?traz??.33
2.3 ?tud?? de ??z.35
?. ?eor?? ?r?m?nolog??e.39
D. ?reven?re? s? ?omb?tere? v??t?m?zar?? ?o???lor straz??. .62
4.1 Str?teg?e ?nst?tut?on?la.62
4.2 ?asur? ?le ONG-ur?lor.64
?on?luz??.68
??bl?ogr?f?e.72


Extras din licenta Cum descarc?

?ntr?du??r?
Des?re fenomenul ,,?o???? straz??" s-? vorb?t ?entru ?r?m? o?ra in 1979 ?u o??z?? ?nulu? ?ntern?t?on?l ?l ?o??lulu?. In l?ter?tur? de s?e???l?t?te sunt des?r?se tre? ??tegor?? de ?o??? ?? straz??:
- ?o??? ?? straz?? - ?e? ??re tra?es? in mod tot?l in str?da s? ?le ?aror re?ere sunt in mod e??lus?v re?rezent?te de str?da; 
- ?o??? ?e str?da - ?e? ??re ?lterne?za momentele ?etre?ute in str?da ?u ?ele ?etre?ute in ?entrele de ??z?re s?u in f?m?l?e; 
- ?o??? in str?da - ?e? ??re tra?es? ?e str?da, s? ??re in mod o??z?on?l, sunt v?z?t?t? de f?m?l?e.
?o???? straz?? ?rov?n, in s?e???l, d?n f?m?l?? dezorg?n?z?te, reorg?n?z?te, numero?se ?u st?tus so???l redus, un gr?d s?azut de s?ol?r?z?re, l??sa/sl?ba ??l?f???re, l??s?-?nsuf???ent? ven?tur?lor.
Relele tr?t?mente ??l???te de ?ar?nt? - in s?e???l de t?tal v?treg, ?l?ool??, ?re? ?utor?t?r - sunt ?r?n????lul mot?v ?l v?et?? in str?da, ?nvo??t de ?o???. ?ata?le, ?nd?ferent?smul ?fe?t?v, ?gres?un?le se?u?le sunt ?nvo??te ?? mot?ve ?e ?u determ?n?t ?aras?re? lo?ur?lor de o?rot?re. 
So??et?te? Romane?s?a ? fost m?r??ta de ???r?t?? brus?a ? ??estu? fenomen in 1990 s? de o ?restere ? numarulu? de ,,?o??? ?? straz??". In 1990 ?u fost inreg?str?t? 3500 de ?o??? ?? sraz??, in 1995 er?u 6000 ??r in ?rezent sunt l? n?vel n?t?on?l ?este 8500. 
?o???? staz?? re?rez?nta ??tegor?? ?o???lor ??re tra?es? in str?da - fenomen so???l intaln?t ?este tot in lume, d?r ???entu?t in so??etat?le ?ndustr??l?z?te. 
??uzele ??estu? fenomen sunt deoseb?t de ?om?le?e, se im?letes? f??tor?? ?nd?v?du?l? s? so???l?, e?onom??? s? m?ter??l? ?e re?l?ze?za efe?te ?umul?t?ve ??re mares? ?ro?ort?? fenomenulu?. ?onse??ntele sunt deoseb?t de gr?ve: tulburar? de ?om?ort?ment, ?gres?v?t?te, v?olenta, de?ese, embol??, ?buzur? se?u?le, ?bsent? normelor mor?le s? ?ultur?le. L? n?velul so??etat?? ?onse??ntele sunt: del??vent? juven?la, e?t?ndere? ?n?lf?bet?smulu?, ras?and?re? bol?lor vener??e s? S?D?, ?rost?tut?? s? nou? gener?t?e de ?o??? nas?ut? in str?da.
UN??EF ? stud??t ??est fenomen l? n?vel mond??l s? ? el?bor?t o t??olog?e ? ?o???lor straz?? ??aruta s? l? no?: 
- ?o??? in str?da ??re-s? ?etre? ?e? m?? m?re ??rte ? z?le? in str?da s? ??re ?u ?b?ndon?t s?o?l? -53%;
- ?o??? ?ezent? in str?da tem?or?r, ?er?o?da ?e ?o?te dur? de l? ?atev? z?le l? ?atev? lun? - d?ntre ??est?? 21% sunt re?u?er?b?l? (fug?r??); 
- ?o??? ?erm?nent in str?da ??re ?u ?b?ndon?t def?n?t?v s?o?l?.b#%l!^+a?
?nst?tut??le de o?rot?re so???la ?astre?za ?ont??tele ?u f?m?l?? s?u ?u ?lte ?nst?tut??. 
Stud??ndu-se modul de org?n?z?re ?l ??estor ?o??? s-? ?onst?t?t ?a ?u un st?l de v??ta nom?d,tr?b?l,sub l?m?t? ?ond?t??lor norm?le de ?g?ena s? mor?l?t?te. 
In l?mb?jul sar??, ??re le este s?e??f??, ?o??? straz?? s?-?u ?re?t s? veh??ule?za ?ro?r??le m?tur?, e??r?mand met?for?? ?nse?ur?t?te? v?et?? lor. 
?ee? ?e fr??e?za este ?a n??? unul d?ntre ??este m?tur? nu este ?oz?t?v.
R??otrul ?u lume? este gener?t de ?t?tud?ne? ?mb?v?lenta ? so???lulu? f?ta de e? s? de ?onst??nt? une? dev?lor?zar? dubl?ta de o jude??ta ?m?tura, ?fl?ta in st?d?? de dezvolt?re ?n????ente. So??et?te? i? res??nge, ?e de o ??rte ?entru ?? in ??el?s? t?m? sa ??ba o ?t?tud?ne de ?om??s?une.
Str?d? ?o?te ?re? o??z?? unor ?ast?gur? ne?ste?t?te ?r?n metode ?e ??re jude??t? lor mor?la o ?o?te ingadu? fara b?r?ere. Intre ?o??? s? lume ???re un r??ort de ,,v??t?ma - ?alau".
Str?d? inse?mna ?entru e? ,,drog, l?bert?te, b?n? s? d?str??t?e ", ??r s?mbolul v?et?? il ?onst?tu?e ??s?, ?am?nul, s??t?ul in ??re s-?r s?mt? in s?gur?nta. V?sul ?am?nulu? este ?rezent ??ut l? ??est? ?o???, ??s? re?rezentand tot ?e este norm?l - ,,o v??ta ?? ? or??aru? om norm?l". 
In med?ul urb?n zonele ?refer?te de ?o???? straz?? sunt ?ele ?entr?le. In ?este 50% d?n ??zur? ??est?? ?r??t??a ?ersetor??, ev?ta zonele ?er?fer??e, foloses? ?da?ostur? de no??te in zonele ?entr?le. Se rem?r?a un b?l?ns intre ?legere? zonelor ?entr?le s? ?er?fer??e in fun?t?e de ?not?m?, de modul de ?so??ere in gru?ur?. ?ob?l?t?te? ?o???lor straz?? ?re d?mens?un? ?m?le.
In lun?le m?? - se?tembr?e se indre??ta s?re ?u?urest? s? ?onst?nt?, ??r ??rn? l? ?u?urest?. ??jor?t?te? ??estor ?o??? ?rov?n d?n f?m?l?? dezorg?n?z?te, destru?tur?te, re?onst?tu?te, ?nst?b?le d?n ?un?t de vedere m?ter??l, mor?l, ?fe?t?v. So???l?z?re? ??estor ?o??? este ?nsuf???enta s? ?n?de?v?ta.
O m?re ??rte d?n ?o???? straz?? ?u ?do?t?t un ?om?ort?ment ?redel??vent s? del??vent, d?tor?t s?tu?t??lor l?m?ta ?u ??re se ?onfrunta. ?gres?v?t?te? s? v?olent? sunt m?n?fest?te ?entru ? obt?ne hr?na s?u ?da?ost, uneor? ?utere ?su?r? gru?ulu?.
?r?n????l? sursa de e??stenta este ?ersetor??. ?o???? straz?? sunt folos?t? ?e ???t? ne?gra ? forte? de mun?a ??r e?, ?entru ? su?r?vetu?, ?r??t??a mun?? grele, ?er??ulo?se, ?n?de?v?te varste? s? ?lat?te ne?ores?unzator. 
Ve?h?me? m?re in str?da (56% sunt in str?da de 4-9 ?n?) releva: ?nef???ent? ?entrelor ?entru ?o???? straz??, r?s?ur?le l? ??re sunt su?us? ?doles?ent??: ?rom?s?u?t?te, ?onsum de drogur?, l??s? de res?ons?b?l?tat?, ob?snu?nt? ?u ?num?te l?bertat?, degr?d?re? star?? de sanat?te, ?m?os?b?l?t?te? de ? f? ?nstru?t? in med?ul s?ol?r/?rofes?on?l, ?rost?tut??, ?ers?e?t?ve sumbre ?? ?dult? (?ersetor?, bos?het?r?, del??vent?).


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Bibliografie

1. Ortansa Brezeanu, "Prevenirea criminalitatii la inceput de mileniu", Editura Fundatiei Romaniei de Maine, 2001;
2. E.de Greeff, Introduction a la criminologie, Bruxelles, Ed.Van den Plas, 1946;
3. Ferreol, Gilles. Copiii maltratati, Trad. de R. Garmacea, Psihologia. -1995;
4. Helfer, R. Child abuse and neglect: The diagnostic process and treatment programs. - Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975;
5. O.Kinberg, Les situations psychologiques precriminelles revelatrices des caracteres de l'etat dangereux, Bulletin de la Societe Internationale de Criminologie, 1951;
6. Miftode Vasile, Sociologia populatiilor vulnerabile, Editura Universitatii ,,Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Iasi, 2004;
7. Ph.Robert, Les comptes du crime, Paris, Ed. Le Sycomore, 1985;
8. J.Pinatel, La societe criminogene, Paris, Ed. Calmann-Levy, 1971;
9. R. M. Stanoiu, Introducere in criminologie, Ed. Academiei, Bucuresti, 1989;
10. Th.Sellin, M.Wolfgang, The Measurement of Delinquency, New York, Ed.Wiley.


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